'WSDL'에 해당되는 글 1건

  1. 2008.03.05 [펌]Web Service, WDSL

[펌]Web Service, WDSL

ITWeb/스크랩 2008.03.05 15:59
1. Web Service
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_service


A Web service (also Web Service) is defined by the W3C as "a software system designed to support interoperable Machine to Machine interaction over a network." Web services are frequently just Web APIs that can be accessed over a network, such as the Internet, and executed on a remote system hosting the requested services.

The W3C Web service definition encompasses many different systems, but in common usage the term refers to clients and servers that communicate using XML messages that follow the SOAP standard. Common in both the field and the terminology is the assumption that there is also a machine readable description of the operations supported by the server written in the Web Services Description Language (WSDL). The latter is not a requirement of a SOAP endpoint, but it is a prerequisite for automated client-side code generation in many Java and .NET SOAP frameworks (frameworks such as Spring and Apache CXF being notable exceptions). Some industry organizations, such as the WS-I, mandate both SOAP and WSDL in their definition of a Web service.

2. Web Services Description Language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_Services_Description_Language

The Web Services Description Language (WSDL, pronounced 'wiz-dəl' or spelled out, 'W-S-D-L') is an XML-based language that provides a model for describing Web services.

The current version of the specification is the 2.0; version 1.1 has not been endorsed by the W3C but version 2.0 is a W3C recommendation. [1] WSDL 1.2 was renamed WSDL 2.0 because of its substantial differences from WSDL 1.1. By accepting binding to all the HTTP request methods (not only GET and POST as in version 1.1) WSDL 2.0 specification offers a better support for RESTful web services, much simpler to implement [2][3]. However support for this specification is still poor in software development kits for Web Services which often offer tools only for WSDL 1.1.

The WSDL defines services as collections of network endpoints, or ports. WSDL specification provides an XML format for documents for this purpose. The abstract definition of ports and messages is separated from their concrete use or instance, allowing the reuse of these definitions. A port is defined by associating a network address with a reusable binding, and a collection of ports define a service. Messages are abstract descriptions of the data being exchanged, and port types are abstract collections of supported operations. The concrete protocol and data format specifications for a particular port type constitutes a reusable binding, where the messages and operations are then bound to a concrete network protocol and message format. In this way, WSDL describes the public interface to the web service.

WSDL is often used in combination with SOAP and XML Schema to provide web services over the Internet. A client program connecting to a web service can read the WSDL to determine what functions are available on the server. Any special datatypes used are embedded in the WSDL file in the form of XML Schema. The client can then use SOAP to actually call one of the functions listed in the WSDL.

XLang is an extension of the WSDL such that "an XLANG service description is a WSDL service description with an extension element that describes the behavior of the service as a part of a business process" [1].

Resources or services are exposed using WSDL by both Web Services Interoperability (WS-I Basic Profile) and WSRF framework.

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